D865PERL System Build

HLS Systems, Inc.

4 July 2003

Click HERE for additional wiring Instructions
(Use at your own risk!)


1. Motherboard: D865PERL - Top view, from the back of the board. Integrated IEEE-1394 can be seen near the center on the left side, the blue connector blocks.



2. Motherboard - D865 PERL, top view.  You can see the CPU ZIF socket at the top center of the photo. KYou can also see the "screwless" PCI card retainer mechanism to the bottom left side of the photo. I remove these retainers and simply add screws to hold the cards in their respective slots. This is a consideration and concern primarily when shipping these systems. You want the parts anchored as well as they can be.


3. Motherboard - Here's a close-up of the two IEEE-1394 connector blocks located on the Intel D865 Motherboard. Note: The D875 Motherboard doesn't offer the integrated IEEE-1394 connectors.


4. Motherboard - A close-up of the standard auxiliary audio sockets found on motherboards having integrated audio capability.


5. Motherboard - A close-up of the audio signals connector block (see the two blue jumpers). External panel access connectors for the integrated audio functions such as microphone, audio left, and audio right signals.


6. Motherboard - The Intel D865PERL also supports connectors for the new Serial ATA (SATA) hard drives (see the two connectors between the two Intel chips).


7. Motherboard -  A close-up of the front panel connector block providing reset, power on, HDD (Hard Drive) activity light, and power light connectivity.


8. Memory Controller Hub - This is a photo of the Intel Motherboard's 82865PE Memory Controller Hub (part of the Intel chipset). All that is visible is the spiring heat sink for the chip.



9. Motherboard - Voltage regulator area, with motherboard rear-panel connectors protruding to the back of the case. Notice also the auxiliary 4-pin power connector (lower left-hand side, yellow arrow) required by Pentium 4 CPU systems. The ATX12V standard power supply provides this extra power source with plug.


10. Motherboard, Front Panel - Wiring up the front panel connectors to the motherboard front panel connector block.


11. Motherboard, Audio - Wiring up the external audio connectors.


12. Motherboard, Audio Connections - This photo shows the external front panel audio connections to the motherboard.


13. Motherboard; IEEE-1394 Connections - There are two IEEE-1394 connection blocks on the D865PERL motherboard. Here we are connecting the Thermaltake top panel IEEE-1394 I/O panel interface cable to only one of the two blocks. Click HERE for information on how I wired these connections to work with the Thermaltake case.



14. Motherboard; IEEE-1394 - Wiring up the external IEEE-1394 connector panel to one of the motherboard's Agere IEEE-1394 connector blocks. Click HERE for information on how I wired these connections to work with the Thermaltake case.


15. Motherboard; USB Connections - This shows two external USB2.0 connections routed from the motherboard. There is an additional USB 2.0 connector block on the motherboard for additional external connections.


16. Motherboard; USB Connections - Wiring up the two external USB 2.0 ports.


17. Motherboard; Front Panel External Connections - Showing motherboard connections for the front panel controls and indicators.


18. Motherboard; External Connections - This photo shows the various external connections running from the motherboard.


19. Motherboard; External Connections - Another photo showing the various external connections running from the motherboard to case external connectors.


20. CPU; ZIF Socket - This is a photo of the D865's mPGA 478-pin ZIF (Zero Insertion Force) socket.


21. CPU; ZIF Socket - This photo shows the CPU ZIF Socket with its retaining mechanism handle released (shown in the "up" position), waiting for the CPU to be inserted. In this position the socket provides essentially no opposition to the insertion of the CPU pins, thus the nomenclature ZIF.


22. CPU; Intel's Boxed 2.8C GHz CPU - The boxed version of Intel's 2.8C GHz CPU comes with an Intel heat sink and cooling fan assembly.


23. CPU; Intel's Boxed 2.8C GHz CPU - The "C" model of the Pentium CPU line includes Hyper-Threading technology imbedded within the chip. This one also includes an 800MHz FSB.





24. CPU; Intel's 2.8C CPU, Heat sink, and Fan Assembly - This photo shows the heat sink and fan assembly accompanying the Intel Boxed 2.8C CPU. The two levers are used to anchor the heat sink and fan assembly over the CPU chip itself. There is a heat sink compound "built in" to the bottom of the heat sink, but we add a little extra Arctic Silver Premium III thermal compound to make sure there is an adequate amount of heat transfer from the CPU to the heat sink assembly. Sometimes a bit of the built in heat sink material has been scratched off during manufacturing or packaging. Adding a bit more fills in any gaps.


25. CPU; Intel's 2.8C CPU-Heat Sink & Fan Assembly - A side view of the fan & heat sink assembly.



26. CPU; Intel's 2.8C CPU-Heat Sink & Fan Assembly - This photo shows the clamps on the bottom of the retaining clips that are used to fasten the fan and heat sink assembly to the 478-pin socket assembly. After clipping the fan/heat sink assembly's clips to the socket, you then throw the two handles (light colored, located on the top of the assembly as shown in photo) in the other direction to lock down the assembly.


27. CPU; Intel P4 2.8C CPU Mounted - This photo shows the CPU mounted in the 478-pin socket, with the ZIF retaining mechanism still in the "unlocked" position (handle on left is still up, and not clipped in the down position under the retainer lock).


28. CPU; Intel P4 2.8C CPU Mounted - This photo shows the CPU mounted and clamped into the 478-pin ZIF socket. The retaining mechanism is locked by having the "handle" (shown in this photo on the right side) down and clamped under the retaining clip.



29. CPU; Mounted CPU, Heat Sink, and Fan Assembly - The CPU is mounted and clamped in place with the ZIF socket locking mechanism, and the heat sink/fan assembly is then carefully placed on top of the CPU. The heat sink/fan assembly retaining clip handles are then thrown in their opposite directions to complete the mating of the assembly to the CPU socket.


30. CPU; Mounted CPU, Heat Sink, and Fan Assembly - View of the heat sink/fan assembly from the back of the motherboard. Note the fan's power and control cable is not yet connected to the motherboard's CPU FAN socket.


31. CPU; Mounted CPU, Heat Sink, and Fan Assembly - Top view of heat sink/fan assembly.



32. Motherboard; Memory Channels - A view of the two memory channels (A & B), which consist of four slots total. Memory Channel A is located closest to the CPU, and consists of slots DIMM 0 and DIMM 1 (the first two after the CPU). Memory Channel B consists of the two DIMM slots furthest away from the CPU, and are so designated as Channel B DIMM 0 and DIMM 1.


33. Motherboard; Memory Channels - A close-up view of the two memory channel's sockets. The memory card "key" is located closest to the right side as you view the four sockets in this photo.






34. Motherboard; Memory - This view shows the front and back of a PC3200 DDR400 SDRAM memory board. This one is populated with 256MB of memory. By installing four of these "matched" memory cards...one in each of the four slots....you create a 1GB RAM "Dual Channel" Dynamic memory mode that maximizes memory throughput (You can also, for example, install a matched set of only two 512MB ea memory cards to reach 1GB, one in Channel A Slot 0, with the second in Channel B Slot 0 which would also achieve the Dual Channel Dynamic Mode. Consider the increased expense of the larger sized memory cards, i.e., 512MB Vs 256MB cards, when going this route).


35. Motherboard; Memory - A close-up of a data tag usually found on memory boards showing the Mfr or Source of the memory card (vendor, dealer, distributor, etc.) should warranty service be required. If you remove this tag to facilitate cooling, you may void the source's warranty.


36. Motherboard; Memory - One memory card has been installed in Channel A, DIMM 0 slot. While just this configuration alone will permit operations, memory throughput will not be maximized. You are operating in a single-channel non-dynamic mode in this configuration.


37. Motherboard; Memory - This top view shows a single memory card installed, with the two retaining clips (one on each side) snapped into the memory card's retaining slots. You must insert the card to an adequate depth into the slot to be able to snap these clips into place.


38. Motherboard; Memory - Four memory cards have been installed, one in each of Channel A and B's DIMM 0 and 1 slots. This configuration is now in a Dual Channel Dynamic Mode, which maximizes memory throughput.


39. Motherboard; Memory - Top view of four memory cards installed.






40. Audio Subsystem - While there is 6-channel surround sound capability integrated into the D865PERL motherboard (which, by the way, sounds really great), we're integrating a Creative Labs "Audigy 2" system into this customer's PC. These are the two main components of the system; a PCI card containing the bulk of the electronics (on the left) and a control panel (driver) that mounts in one of the PC's front panel 5 1/4" bays. This system brings with it an additional IEEE-1394 connector, MIDI, external audio inputs, microphone and earphone jacks, SPDIF, and Optical connections right to the front panel. The speakers are connected to its PCI card. A host of useful control and applications software is also included. Click HERE for additional information on wiring the audio circuits.



41. Audio Subsystem - Parts that are included "in the box" with the Audigy 2 system (software bundle not shown here).


42. Audio Subsystem - Front view of the Audigy 2 control panel.


43. Audio Subsystem - View of Audigy 2 PCI card showing external connections.


44. Audio Subsystem - Top view of Audigy 2 PCI card.


45. Audio Subsystem - View of Audigy 2 PCI card connectors.


46. Audio Subsystem - The Audigy 2 control panel installed in the Termaltake case.


47. Audio Subsystem - View of Audigy 2 control panel with the case front cover closed, and with its access panel open.


48. Audio Subsystem - Front panel view of Audigy 2 control panel installed.



49. Audio Subsystem - Rear view of Audigy 2 control panel showing the flat ribbon control cable (an excellent block for cooling air) along with the IEEE-1394 and power cable. The ribbon and IEEE-1394 cables connect to the PCI card, while the power cable connects to a standard power supply Molex connector.


50. Audio Subsystem - Audigy 2 PCI card showing the ribbon control and IEEE-1394 cable from the Audigy control panel, along with the additional Joystick interface to a back panel PCI slot cover.


51. Audio Subsystem - View of Audigy 2 control ribbon cable and IEEE-1394 interface cable to the control panel.


52. Audio Subsystem - Rear panel view of installed Audigy 2 PCI card ports, including the Joystick port provided by the Audigy 2 system.


53. Video Subsystem - We're using an nVIDIA-based Gainward 5600 video card with this system. This card ensures excellent 3D processing, with an eye towards gamers. Has its own cooling fan located in the center of the board covering the main GPU chip.


54. Video Subsystem - A rear view of the Gainward 5600 PCI card.



55. Video Subsystem - The Gainward nVIDIA-based 5600 video card in addition to providing dual monitor output connections also provides an additional TV out connection. An included adapter converts the digital video output connector to an analog VGA connector should you wish to run two analog monitors with this card.


56. CD-ROM - A Plextor CD-ROM is installed in this system. I consider the Plextor products to be of high and lasting quality, experiencing a track record of trouble-free and long-time usage. The Thermaltake case utilizes "screw less" slides as the mounting mechanism for 5 1/4" front panel accessories. The light blue plastic slides on the sides of the components merely plug into the component's screw holes, then the assembly just slides into the case's rails.


57. CD-ROM - Top view of CD-ROM installation.



58. CD-ROM - Front panel view of CD-ROM installation with the front cover closed, and the access panel open. A potential problem here is that if you are using CD-ROM burning software and it is set to eject the burned CD when completed, if the access panel is closed you may damage the CD-ROM tray mechanism!



59. Power Supply - We use the Antec TruePower supplies in our systems. They provide additional case fan control, while supplying two internal fans of its own. These supplies are rated ATX12V, and are therefore compatible with Intel Pentium 4 processors. These supplies also provide an "On-Off" switch, often missing on less-expensive power supplies, along with an external power connector.


60. Power Supply - All one has to do now is to figure out where all these wires go!


61. Power Supply - Rear view of installed power supply.


62. Power Supply - The power supply is mounted, now to route and tie the wires.


63. Case Rear Panel -  Here you can see the various built-in connections, including the standard PS2 Mouse and Keyboard ports, numerous USB2.0 ports, LAN port, Serial port, Parallel port, IEEE-1394 port, and numerous audio ports.


64. BIOS Settings - This view shows the status of the system. You can see that the CPU is operating in Hyper-Threading mode, and that a full bank of 1GB of memory is operating in the Dual Channel Dynamic mode. Note the System and Memory Bus speeds.




65. BIOS Settings - This view of the BIOS settings shows the integrated "on board" audio as being disabled. We do this to avoid conflict with the Creative Labs Audigy 2 audio system we installed. If you remove the Audigy 2 system and don't replace it with another audio card, you can go back to this screen and re-enable the on board 6 channel surround sound audio, thus enabling the motherboard audio jacks. You can also see that the on board LAN connection is also enabled.
66. Case Wiring - Here you can see the beginnings of wire being tied and dressed to make for a cleaner appearance...and to allow for optimum air flow through the system. The side fan panel has been swung open to allow easier access.



67. Case Wiring - The side fan panel is closed in its normal position .
68. Interior Lighting - And, a single blue light installed on the inside of the case illuminates the interior for a view of that Intel Inside. You're now ready to "Play Ball!"